The assessment of the air and soil after the Diwali dhoom has brought about a breather for environment activists, who heaved a sigh of relief as the country celebrated a cleaner Diwali compared to last year. The Delhi Pollution Control Committee released a report saying that sulphur dioxide levels were higher than average but considerably lesser than those recorded last year. Apart from decrease in number of firecrackers, heavy humidity and winters have been named as a prominent reason for this welcome change.

In other parts of the country, similar statistics were found by concerned authorities, which applauded the spirit of the people. Though the respiratory suspended particulate matter (RSPM) was well above average throughout India on Diwali, it was certainly expected by one and all. The low levels of nitrogen oxide were attributed to the lower number of vehicles on the roads that day, which are the main source of NO2.

The overall decrease in the number of harmful substances was deemed to be around 10-15%, which is a substantial figure according to the watchdogs. But, Indians continued to be careless on Diwali, with numerous burns, eye injuries and asthmatic attacks being reported across the length and breadth of the country. This was a case of major concern, since the children falling within the age group of 7-14 were the worst affected.